It is a technique that consists of introducing a micro camera and surgical instruments through 4-5 small orifices of between 0.5 to 1.5 cm. through with the surgeon performs the surgery.

What are the advantages of laparoscopic surgery?

1. Minimum surgical wounds compared to conventional open surgery, less postoperative pain, less functional and aesthetic impact.
2. Shortening of post-operative period, with faster recovery. In most cases, the patient may be discharged from hospital in 3-4 days, compared to 7-8 days of open surgeries.
3. Quicker return to normal physical activity (period of post-operative rest is reduced).
4. by using cameras inside the body, the surgeon has access to see the tissue structures in greater detail than the naked eye could ever appreciate and these leads to high precision surgery.

What are the drawbacks?

1. It requires a high level of preparation and training for the professionals who performs it (higher learning curve).
2. It requires technological equipment with higher cost.
3. In specific cases it is not possible it is not possible to proceed through laparoscopy and it is more convenient to perform the open surgery (for example, in some re-interventions).

What kind of laparoscopic surgeries are performed in urology?

Virtually all those that are performed with open surgery: nephrectomy (removal of a kidney), urinary tract stones, reconstructive surgery for congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract, radical prostatectomy (surgery for prostate cancer), etc.